grad-animalsciences-phd

The department emphasizes in vivo and in vitro studies that probe relationships at a fundamental mechanistic level as well as addressing current practical issues in animal agriculture. Studies may often employ the use of livestock or laboratory animals, or both, as subjects. Development of an individual course of study is flexible in order to meet the needs of students with varied interests. Graduates find employment in academic teaching and research, in professional veterinary or medical degree programs, in industrial research in the food and feed industries, in laboratory research programs with governmental and international agencies, private corporations, and in industrial or institutional management positions requiring a high level of scientific training.

The department is based in the Animal Sciences Building, which contains facilities for teaching and research, including a Computing and Biometry Laboratory and the Biological and Biomaterials Preparation Imaging and Characterization Facility. Nearby are the Livestock Laboratory, a state-of-the-art facility, and the Muscle Biology Laboratory. Teaching, research, and project assistantships are available to qualified students. Fellowships, scholarships, and traineeship awards are available from federal training programs, research grants, gifts and trusts, and special program funds.

Research Focus Areas

Students may choose to focus on the areas of: nutrition, rumen microbiology, aquaculture, reproductive physiology–endocrinology, genetics, animal breeding, muscle biology, meat science, cell biology, animal health, immunity and toxicology, or international agriculture. Considerable opportunity for study exists in joint programs with bacteriology, toxicology, biochemistry, the interdepartmental graduate program in nutritional sciences, genetics, endocrinology, reproductive physiology training program, food science, physiology, agricultural and applied economics, biometry, cellular and molecular biology, pharmaceutical sciences, chemical and biological engineering, bio engineering, comparative biosciences and anatomy.

The area of nutrition involves a joint degree with the Department of Animal Sciences and either the Department of Nutritional Sciences or the Department of Biochemistry. Usually, students work with professors from both departments so fundamental concepts complement practical applications. Ruminant nutrition candidates often minor or have a joint major in the Department of Bacteriology. Nutritional research ranges from field studies to laboratory biochemical studies.

The endocrinology–reproductive physiology area ranges from hormonal studies with livestock, primates, and laboratory animals to biochemical studies at the cellular level including stem cell biology. These studies include mechanism of gene action, physiological genetics, in vitro maturation, fertilization, embryo development, cloning and gene transfer, neuroendocrinology, and the environmental and genetic control of puberty and postpartum anestrus.

The genetics–animal breeding focus includes a variety of areas from immunogenetics and molecular genetics to quantitative and population genetics. The animal breeding program seeks to develop, evaluate, and apply classical, quantitative, biochemical, and physiological genetics toward improving animal breeding techniques. Studies range from theoretical considerations of quantitative genetics to laboratory experimentation on genetic controls of growth and reproduction, gene transfer and cloning to field experimentation on producer herds and flocks. Candidates may minor in several areas including genetics, statistics, physiology, or biochemistry.

Meat science and muscle biology studies probe the relationship of muscle structure, composition, and metabolism to growth, the contractile function, and meat quality. Similar studies related to adipose tissue are included. This fundamental research is applied to muscle efficiency and improved retail meat quality and composition.

The area of cellular biology, animal health, immunity, and toxicology includes basic research which seeks to develop an understanding of cellular/subcellular structure and function, cell regulation, and cell–cell interactions. Cell function, as it relates to mechanisms of immunity and the effects of natural and synthetic compounds, forms the basis for investigations using in vitro and in vivo, whole animal, model systems. Results of fundamental studies are directly applicable and coordinated with ongoing applied research programs in animal and human health.

Students with satisfactory undergraduate training in any biological science including emphasis on basic science courses will have suitable backgrounds for graduate studies in animal science. Typically students admitted to the program have GPAs of 3.2 or higher; candidates with a lower GPA may be considered for admission under special circumstances. Admission decisions are based on academic record, GRE scores, three letters of recommendation, and Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or International English Language Testing System (IELTS), if applicable.

Students are admitted to the department if a faculty member agrees to accept the candidate into his or her research group and to provide laboratory/desk space and research support, and upon the approval of the Animal Sciences Graduate Admissions Committee and the Graduate School. The faculty member also makes the decision of whether or not to offer a research assistantship to the candidate. International candidates in the master of science program rarely receive financial support.

Graduate School Admissions

Graduate admissions is a two-step process between academic degree programs and the Graduate School. Applicants must meet requirements of both the program(s) and the Graduate School. Once you have researched the graduate program(s) you are interested in, apply online.  

Graduate School Resources

Resources to help you afford graduate study might include assistantships, fellowships, traineeships, and financial aid. Further funding information is available from the Graduate School. Be sure to check with your program for individual policies and processes related to funding.

Program Resources

Financial assistance may be available to qualified individuals in the form of research assistantships, teaching assistantships, or fellowships. Funding does not come from the department, but from the faculty member agreeing to advise the new student; therefore students join labs directly instead of doing rotations. Funding is awarded on a competitive basis and may be renewed annually pending satisfactory progress. Terms of these appointments are initially defined in the letter of offer to the student.

Minimum Graduate School Requirements

Review the Graduate School minimum academic progress and degree requirements, in addition to the program requirements listed below.

Major Requirements

MODE OF INSTRUCTION

Face to Face Evening/Weekend Online Hybrid Accelerated
Yes No No No No

Mode of Instruction Definitions

CURRICULAR REQUIREMENTS

Minimum Credit Requirement 51 credits
Minimum Residence Credit Requirement 32 credits
Minimum Graduate Coursework Requirement Half of degree coursework (26 credits out of 51 total credits) must be completed graduate-level coursework; courses with the Graduate Level Coursework attribute are identified and searchable in the university's Course Guide (https://registrar.wisc.edu/course-guide).
Overall Graduate GPA Requirement 3.00 GPA required.
Other Grade Requirements The Graduate School requires an average grade of B or better in all coursework (300 or above, not including research credits) taken as a graduate student unless conditions for probationary status require higher grades. Grades of Incomplete are considered to be unsatisfactory if they are not removed during the next enrolled semester.
Assessments and Examinations The original research conducted by the candidate must be summarized in a thesis. A final examination will be given after the completion of the thesis. The thesis must be submitted to the examining committee two weeks before the examination. The candidate is required to present an exit seminar on their dissertation research and to subsequently defend the thesis orally. The thesis must be acceptable from both scientific and literary standpoints. The mentoring committee administers the thesis defense. Deposit of the doctoral dissertation in the Graduate School is required.
Language Requirements Language requirements are determined on an individual basis with the major professor and will depend on the area of concentration within the department.
Doctoral Minor/Breadth Requirements The animal sciences department requires Ph.D. students to complete a minor.

Required COURSES

All Animal Sciences Ph.D. students must meet with their research committee during their first year to complete their Certification Form. Once the committee has approved the certification paperwork the student must turn in the signed copy to the Graduate Coordinator so that it may be reviewed and approved by the graduate chair. The certification paperwork must be approved before a student can request their prelim warrant.  Students should meet with their committee once per year. Any changes to the certification paperwork must be communicated to the graduate coordinator and approved by the graduate chair.
 

Students graduating with a Ph.D. in animal sciences are expected to have core education in the following areas:

  • Physiology/endocrinology/reproduction
  • Biochemistry/nutrition
  • Genetics/breeding
  • Food science/meat science/ food safety/microbiology
  • STAT/​F&W ECOL/​HORT  571 Statistical Methods for Bioscience I, STAT/​F&W ECOL/​HORT  572 Statistical Methods for Bioscience II, or equivalent
  • A course in ethics
  • Teaching practicum, with Delta or MIU Workshop training.

Courses taken prior to entering the animal sciences program will be considered as a substitute. 

Seminar Requirement

The Animal Sciences Graduate seminar features outside speakers, UW faculty, and animal sciences graduate students presenting their research or defending their thesis. This course is held on Tuesday mornings during the fall semester from 11 a.m. to noon.  Attendance is required at this seminar series by all animal sciences graduate students. Ph.D. students are required to register for the AN SCI 875 Special Topics (Animal Science Seminar) for credit twice. Although attendance is required, registering for the seminar for credit is done the semester a student presents.

Teaching Requirement

All students in the animal sciences Ph.D. program are required to complete a Teaching Practicum, usually AN SCI 799 Practicum in Animal Sciences Teaching. Each student is expected to work with the faculty advisor to identify an opportunity within the department for the student to engage in teaching. This requirement is broadly defined, and could include assisting an animal sciences faculty member with classroom teaching or TA’ing in a course outside of the animal sciences department.

Enrollment Requirement

The department requires all funded students to be enrolled full time. For M.S. students this means at least 8 credits in the fall and spring term and at least 2 credits in the summer term. Students funded by another department should check with the payroll and benefits coordinator of that department to learn their requirements for enrollment. Unfunded students should follow the Graduate School’s rules on enrollment.

The remainder of the course requirements for the Ph.D. in Animal Sciences will be selected to meet the student's specific needs and to ensure breadth and depth as determined through consultation with his/her major professor and members of their committee.

Animal Nutrition Track1,2

Recommended courses for the Ph.D. degree:
Ruminant Nutritional Physiology I
and Ruminant Nutritional Physiology II
Seminar in Animal Nutrition
Advanced Nutrition: Intermediary Metabolism of Macronutrients
Advanced Nutrition: Minerals
Advanced Nutrition: Vitamins
Veterinary Physiology B
Veterinary Physiology A

 Animal Breeding & Genetics Track1

Seminar in Animal Breeding
Principles of Genetics
Statistical Methods for Bioscience I
and Statistical Methods for Bioscience II
PhD students with a quantitative bent are also required to complete:
Quantitative Genetics
Special Topics (Linear Models for Quantitative Genetics & Molecular Genetics for Animal Breeding)

Endocrinology & Reproductive Physiology Track1

Select one course from each section A, B and C:
A.
Statistical Methods for Bioscience I
B.
Special Topics (Endocrine Physiology)
Cellular Signal Transduction Mechanisms
C.
General Biochemistry I
and General Biochemistry II
Human Biochemistry
Comprehensive Human Biochemistry
D. Advanced Biochemistry
E.
Seminar in Endocrinology-Reproductive Physiology
F. Technical Writing
G. Advanced Statistics
H. Advanced Endocrinology
I. Advanced Reproduction
J. Advanced Topic Course. Select one of the following:
Gamete and Embryo Biology
Reproductive Patterns
Selected Topics in Endocrinology-Reproductive Physiology
Pregnancy, Parturition, and Lactation

Meat Science & Muscle Biology Track1

Students should choose courses from the following list in consultation with their advisor:
Introduction to Meat Science and Technology 2
Poultry Products Technology 2
Commercial Meat Processing 2
Chemistry of the Food Lipids
Introduction to Biochemistry
General Biochemistry I
General Biochemistry II
Biochemical Principles of Human and Animal Nutrition
Topics in Medical Biochemistry
Protein and Enzyme Structure and Function
Eukaryotic Molecular Biology
Mechanisms of Enzyme Action
Cellular Signal Transduction Mechanisms
Macromolecular Crystallography and Dynamics
Methods in Biochemistry
Sequence Analysis
Exploring Biochemical Function of Macromolecules 3
Biophysical Chemistry
Instrumental Analysis
Food Chemistry
Food Analysis
Principles of Food Preservation
Principles of Food Engineering
Statistics for Food Industry Quality Control
Principles of Food Chemistry-Lab
Integrated Food Functionality
Integrated Food Manufacturing
Food Engineering Operations
Fermented Foods and Beverages
Professional Practice in Food Science
Food Proteins
Food and Pharmaceutical Separations
Advanced Microbiology of Foodborne Pathogens
Colloid Chemistry of Foods
Food Microbiology Laboratory
Food Microbiology
Physiology of Microorganisms
Advanced Laboratory Techniques in Microbiology
Immunology
Advanced Microbial Genetics
Advanced Microbiology of Foodborne Pathogens
Molecular Biology Techniques
Statistical Methods for Bioscience I 4
Statistical Methods for Bioscience II
Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
Introduction to Animal Development
Cell Biology
Comparative and Evolutionary Physiology
Comparative Physiology Laboratory

Graduate School Policies

The Graduate School’s Academic Policies and Procedures provide essential information regarding general university policies. Program authority to set degree policies beyond the minimum required by the Graduate School lies with the degree program faculty. Policies set by the academic degree program can be found below.

Major-Specific Policies

Graduate Program Handbook

The Graduate Program Handbook is the repository for all of the program's policies and requirements.

Prior Coursework

Graduate Work from Other Institutions

For well-prepared advanced students, the program may accept prior graduate coursework from other institutions toward the minimum graduate degree credit and minimum graduate coursework (50%) requirement. The minimum graduate residence credit requirement can be satisfied only with courses taken as a graduate student at UW–Madison.

UW–Madison Undergraduate

For well-prepared advanced students, the program may decide to accept up to 7 credits numbered 300 or above completed at UW–Madison toward fulfillment of minimum degree and minor credit requirements. This work would not be allowed to count toward the 50% graduate coursework minimum unless taken at the 700 level or above.

UW–Madison University Special

The program may decide to accept up to 15 University Special student credits as fulfillment of the minimum graduate residence, graduate degree, or minor credit requirements on occasion as an exception (on a case-by-case basis).

UW–Madison coursework taken as a University Special student would not be allowed to count toward the 50% graduate coursework minimum unless taken at the 700 level or above.

Probation

The Graduate School regularly reviews the record of any student who earned grades of BC, C, D, F, or Incomplete in a graduate course (300 or above), or grade of U in research credits. This review could result in academic probation with a hold on future enrollment or in being suspended from the Graduate School.

ADVISOR / COMMITTEE

Every graduate student is required to have an advisor. To ensure that students are making satisfactory progress toward a degree, the Graduate School expects them to meet with their advisor on a yearly basis. 

Your committee members advise and evaluate satisfactory progress, administer your final oral examination, evaluate your thesis, and sign your degree warrant. Your advisor chairs the committee. Ph.D. thesis committees must have at least five members representing more than one graduate program. Your committee must include three faculty members from the animal sciences department, and no more than four, and at least one faculty member outside the department at arm's length to the project.

Ph.D. thesis committees must have at least five members representing more than one graduate program.  Your committee must include three faculty members from the animal sciences department, and no more than four, and at least one faculty member outside the department at arm's length to the project. 

CREDITS PER TERM ALLOWED

15 credits

Time Constraints

Doctoral degree students who have been absent for ten or more consecutive years lose all credits that they have earned before their absence. Individual programs may count the coursework students completed prior to their absence for meeting program requirements; that coursework may not count toward Graduate School credit requirements.

A candidate for a doctoral degree who fails to take the final oral examination and deposit the dissertation within five years after passing the preliminary examination may by require to take another preliminary examination and to be admitted to candidacy a second time.

Other

RAs, the most common appointment in this department, are hired for 12 months with compensation set on a university-wide basis. The deparrmnrt has a few TAs who assist in instruction, preparing materials, directing labs, grading lab exercises and exams, etc. Special fellowships and scholarships are available for outstanding students. Application instructions may be obtained from the Graduate School website. A graduate student may be employed to assist professors not directly associated with their thesis.

Graduate School Resources

Take advantage of the Graduate School's professional development resources to build skills, thrive academically, and launch your career. 

Program Resources

The Animal Sciences Graduate programs encourage students to develop Individual Development Plans in collaboration with their major advisor to facilitate professional development. Besides the extensive opportunities offered across the campus at large, students in the animal sciences program also benefit from activities and  programs provided by the Animal Science Graduate Student Association, a student-led organization for graduate students at UW–Madison who are interested in animal and dairy science.

1. Articulates research problems, potentials, and limits with respect to theory, knowledge, or practice within the field of study.

2. Formulates ideas, concepts, designs, and/or techniques beyond the current boundaries of knowledge within the field of study.

3. Creates research, scholarship, or performance that makes a substantive contribution.

4. Demonstrates breadth within their learning experiences.

5. Advances contributions of the field of study to society.

6. Communicates complex ideas in a clear and understandable manner.

7. Fosters ethical and professional conduct.

Faculty: Professors Crenshaw (chair), Albrecht, Claus, Khatib, Kirkpatrick, Parrish, Reed, Richards, Rosa, Schaefer; Associate Professor Sindelar; Assistant Professor Shanmuganayagam