Doctoral students outside the school are invited to consider the minor in social welfare. The 9-credit minor requires three doctoral-level courses from the School of Social Work. One must be a Social Policy Seminar (SOC WORK 950 PhD Proseminar), one must be an Applied Theory Seminar (SOC WORK 951 PhD Proseminar), and the third can be a 3-credit social work doctoral course of the student's choosing (which could be another SOC WORK 950 PhD Proseminar or SOC WORK 951 PhD Proseminar seminar).