The Department of Physics has a long history of providing students with a great educational experience. The department awarded its first Ph.D. in 1899. Since then, physics students have earned degrees in virtually every area of physics, and the department's faculty has played key roles in a myriad of important research efforts.
Physics is the science of the properties of matter, radiation, and energy in all forms. As such, it is the most fundamental of the sciences. It provides the underlying framework for the other physical sciences and engineering and for understanding physical processes in biological and environmental sciences.
choose to be a physics major
why study physics?
- Intellectual Satisfaction. First, and foremost, physics satisfies our deep desire to understand how the universe works. Physics is interesting.
- Intellectual Challenge. By striving for fundamental understanding, the physicist accepts the challenge to move past a merely descriptive approach of our world and probes deeply into how and why it works.
- Physics Produces New Technology. Today’s esoteric physics research will become tomorrow's technological advances.
- Technical Expertise. Physicists exploit forefront technologies in their pursuits.
- Flexibility. In a fast-paced and changing world, it is much more important to have a broad substantive education than to be trained in a specific skill. We teach people how to think, and how to apply and extend what they know to new types of problems.
- Physics is Analytical and Quantitative. People who can reason analytically and quantitatively are essential for the success of almost any pursuit.
A degree in physics helps prepare students for employment in industry, research, government, and academia. A bachelor’s degree from the undergraduate physics program will provide an overall view of both classical and modern physics along with problem-solving ability and the flexibility to continue learning.
Your education can:
- Prepare you for employment in industrial or governmental laboratories.
- Prepare you for graduate studies for master's or doctoral degrees in experimental or theoretical physics.
- Provide a broad background for further work in other sciences, such as materials sciences, aerospace, astronomy, computer science, geophysics, meteorology, radiology, medicine, biophysics, engineering, and environmental studies.
- Provide a science-oriented liberal education. This training can be useful in some areas of business administration, law, or other fields where a basic knowledge of science is useful.
- Provide part of the preparation you need to teach physics. To teach physics in high school, you will also take education courses to become certified. You will need a doctoral degree to become a college or university professor.
A program in applied mathematics, engineering and physics (AMEP) is described in its own section of the Guide.
Students interested in an astronomy–physics major should contact the astronomy department.
A student working toward the Bachelor of Science–Education degree may major or minor in physics. Interested students should contact the School of Education. Upon request, the physics department will assign an advisor.
A suggested curriculum for students interested in graduate study in medical physics is available in the medical physics department office.
to declare a physics major
Students should discuss declaration with one of the undergraduate advisors as early as possible and bring a What-If DARS for the Physics major to their meeting.
To be eligible to declare the major, students must have a combined MATH and PHYSICS GPA of at least a 2.500. Eligible students can declare the physics major anytime by completing the department's major declaration form and having it signed by a physics undergraduate advisor.
There are additional steps to declaring Physics as an Additional Major. Section C of the major declaration form has important information about this process. Students should consult the Guide page of their home school or college for more information about declaring an Additional Major in L&S.
University General Education Requirements
All undergraduate students at the University of Wisconsin–Madison are required to fulfill a minimum set of common university general education requirements to ensure that every graduate acquires the essential core of an undergraduate education. This core establishes a foundation for living a productive life, being a citizen of the world, appreciating aesthetic values, and engaging in lifelong learning in a continually changing world. Various schools and colleges will have requirements in addition to the requirements listed below. Consult your advisor for assistance, as needed. For additional information, see the university Undergraduate General Education Requirements section of the Guide.
|General Education|| |
* The mortarboard symbol appears before the title of any course that fulfills one of the Communication Part A or Part B, Ethnic Studies, or Quantitative Reasoning Part A or Part B requirements.
College of Letters & Science Breadth and Degree Requirements: Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
Students pursuing a bachelor of science degree in the College of Letters & Science must complete all of the requirements below. The College of Letters & Science allows this major to be paired with either a bachelor of arts or a bachelor of science curriculum. View a comparison of the degree requirements here.
Bachelor of Science DEGREE REQUIREMENTS
|Mathematics||Two (2) 3+ credits of intermediate/advanced level MATH, COMP SCI, STAT |
Limit one each: COMP SCI, STAT
|Foreign Language||Complete the third unit of a foreign language |
Note: A unit is one year of high school work or one semester/term of college work.
|L&S Breadth|| |
|Liberal Arts and Science Coursework||108 credits|
|Depth of Intermediate/Advanced work||60 intermediate or advanced credits|
|Major||Declare and complete at least one (1) major|
|Total Credits||120 credits|
|UW-Madison Experience||30 credits in residence, overall |
30 credits in residence after the 86th credit
|Minimum GPAs||2.000 in all coursework at UW–Madison |
2.000 in intermediate/advanced coursework at UW–Madison
Non–L&S Students PURSUING AN L&S MAJOR
Non–L&S students who have permission from their school/college to pursue an additional major within L&S only need to fulfill the major requirements and do not need to complete the L&S breadth and degree requirements above. Please note that the following special degree programs are not considered majors so are not available to non-L&S-degree-seeking candidates:
- Applied Mathematics, Engineering and Physics (Bachelor of Science–Applied Mathematics, Engineering and Physics)
- Journalism (Bachelor of Arts–Journalism; Bachelor of Science–Journalism)
- Music (Bachelor of Music)
- Social Work (Bachelor of Social Work)
Requirements for the Major
The physics major requires 35 credits from the following:
|Introductory Physics 1|
|First Introductory Course (complete one): 1||5|
|A Modern Introduction to Physics (recommended)|
and Dynamics 2
and Dynamics 2
|Second Introductory Course (complete one):||5|
|A Modern Introduction to Physics (recommended)|
|Third Introductory Course (complete one):||3-4|
|A Modern Introduction to Physics (recommended)|
|Modern Physics for Engineers (not recommended for majors)|
|Introduction to Solid State Electronics (not recommended for majors)|
|Introduction to Modern Physics|
|Electromagnetism (complete one):||3-9|
| Electrodynamics I|
and Electrodynamics II
and Electromagnetic Wave Transmission 3
|Thermal Physics (complete one):||3-6|
|Thermal Physics 4|
| Physical Chemistry|
and Physical Chemistry 5
|Quantum Mechanics (complete one):||3-6|
| Atomic and Quantum Physics|
and Atomic and Quantum Physics
|Introduction to Quantum Mechanics|
Full registerted credit per course:
|Intermediate Laboratory-Mechanics and Modern Physics|
Two credits apply from each of the following:
|Electric Circuits and Electronics 6|
|Electronic Aids to Measurement 6|
|Applied Optics 6|
|Nuclear Instrumentation Laboratory 7|
|Nuclear Reactor Laboratory 7|
One credit applies from each of the following:
|Semiconductor Properties Laboratory 7|
|Optoelectronics Lab 7|
|Advanced Physics Electives||0-4|
The introductory course sequence consists of three courses: PHYSICS 247/PHYSICS 248/PHYSICS 249 in the honors sequence recommended for prospective physics majors, PHYSICS 201/PHYSICS 202/PHYSICS 205 is recommend for engineers, and PHYSICS 207/PHYSICS 208/PHYSICS 241 is intended for life sciences and chemistry majors, and is a suitable alternative for physics majors. Although the department recommends following one of these sequences, students are allowed to mix them, with the exception that transfers into the PHYSICS 247/PHYSICS 248/PHYSICS 249 honors sequence are not permitted.
Both courses must be taken and together count 5 credits toward the 35 required for the major. These credits can be counted toward the 35 required for the major only if these courses are used to satisfy this requirement.
All three of E C E 220 and E C E 320 and E C E 420 must be taken, and together count 3 credits toward the 35 required for the major. These credits can be counted toward the 35 required for the major only if these courses are used to satisfy this requirement.
PHYSICS 415 is strongly recommend as the course to satisfy the Thermal Physics Requirement, except for students pursuing additional majors in physics.
Both courses CHEM 561 and CHEM 562 must be taken and together count 3 credits toward the 35 required for the major. These credits can be counted toward the 35 required for the major only if these courses are used to satisfy this requirement.
All four credits for each course count toward 35-credit total.
For non-PHYSICS courses, students will receive only the credit applied as lab toward the 35-credit requirement.
Advanced Physics Elective Courses
|PHYSICS 301||Physics Today (recommended) 8||1|
|PHYSICS 307||Intermediate Laboratory-Mechanics and Modern Physics||2|
|PHYSICS 321||Electric Circuits and Electronics||4|
|PHYSICS 322||Electromagnetic Fields||3|
|PHYSICS 323||Electromagnetic Fields||3|
|PHYSICS 406||Special Topics in Physics||1-4|
|PHYSICS 407||Advanced Laboratory||2-4|
|PHYSICS 415||Thermal Physics||3|
|PHYSICS 448||Atomic and Quantum Physics||3|
|PHYSICS 449||Atomic and Quantum Physics||3|
|PHYSICS/ENVIR ST 472||Scientific Background to Global Environmental Problems||3|
|PHYSICS 498||Directed Study||1-3|
|PHYSICS 499||Directed Study||1-3|
|PHYSICS/B M E/H ONCOL/MED PHYS 501||Radiation Physics and Dosimetry||3|
|PHYSICS/E C E/N E 525||Introduction to Plasmas||3|
|PHYSICS/E C E/N E 527||Plasma Confinement and Heating||3|
|PHYSICS 531||Introduction to Quantum Mechanics||3|
|PHYSICS 535||Introduction to Particle Physics||3|
|PHYSICS 545||Introduction to Atomic Structure||3|
|PHYSICS/E C E 546||Lasers||2-3|
|PHYSICS 551||Solid State Physics||3|
|PHYSICS 623||Electronic Aids to Measurement||4|
|PHYSICS 625||Applied Optics||4|
|PHYSICS 681||Senior Honors Thesis||3|
|PHYSICS 682||Senior Honors Thesis||3|
|PHYSICS 691||Senior Thesis||2-3|
|PHYSICS 692||Senior Thesis||2-3|
It is recommended that the student's program include the seminar PHYSICS 301 Physics Today.
Residence and Quality of Work in the Major
- 2.000 GPA in all PHYSICS and all major courses
- 2.000 on at least 15 credits in Upper Level work, taken in residence9
- 15 credits in PHYSICS, taken on campus
Courses that meet the Core and Laboratory requirements, and Advanced level PHYSICS courses, count as upper-level in the major.
Honors in the Major
Students may declare Honors in the Major in consultation with their major advisor and the Honors Program.
Honors in the Major Requirements
To earn Honors in the Major, students must satisfy both the requirements for the major (above) and the following additional requirements:
- Earn a 3.300 University GPA
- Earn a 3.300 GPA in all PHYSICS and all major courses
- 12 credits of Honors PHYSICS courses with grades of B or better, to include:
Distinction in the Major
Distinction in the Major requires no declaration, and is awarded at the time of graduation. Students may not receive Distinction and Honors in the same major. To receive Distinction in the Major, students must have met the following requirements and notify a departmental advisor:
- 3.300 University GPA
- 3.300 GPA in all PHYSICS and all major courses
- 6 additional credits in Advanced level PHYSICS beyond the minimum required for the major.
Thesis of Distinction
An exceptional original thesis will be designated as a Thesis of Distinction upon recommendation by the department.
University Degree Requirements
|Total Degree||To receive a bachelor's degree from UW–Madison, students must earn a minimum of 120 degree credits. The requirements for some programs may exceed 120 degree credits. Students should consult with their college or department advisor for information on specific credit requirements.|
|Residency||Degree candidates are required to earn a minimum of 30 credits in residence at UW–Madison. "In residence" means on the UW–Madison campus with an undergraduate degree classification. “In residence” credit also includes UW–Madison courses offered in distance or online formats and credits earned in UW–Madison Study Abroad/Study Away programs.|
|Quality of Work||Undergraduate students must maintain the minimum grade point average specified by the school, college, or academic program to remain in good academic standing. Students whose academic performance drops below these minimum thresholds will be placed on academic probation.|
- Understand basic physical principles.
- Solve problems proficiently using both quantitative and qualitative applications of these physical principles.
- Appreciate the excitement of physics and be acquainted with a wide range of research areas in physics.
- Know how to perform quantitative measurements of physical phenomena and understand the statistical significance of observations made in the presence of statistical and systematic uncertainties.
- Be prepared for graduate study and/or careers in STEM fields.
- Communicate effectively with scientific peers and the public, both orally and in writing.
- Understand their own learning processes and be able to continue to educate themselves after graduation.
Sample Four-Year Plan
This Sample Four-Year Plan is a tool to assist students and their advisor(s). Students should use it—along with their DARS report, the Degree Planner, and Course Search & Enroll tools—to make their own four-year plan based on their placement scores, credit for transferred courses and approved examinations, and individual interests. As students become involved in athletics, honors, research, student organizations, study abroad, volunteer experiences, and/or work, they might adjust the order of their courses to accommodate these experiences. Students will likely revise their own four-year plan several times during college.
Students should arrange a meeting with a departmental advisor as soon as they are even thinking about a physics major. It is important to get major advising as early as possible.
This is one of many paths through the physics major. For other possibilities and details on math preparation and sequence of courses, see the Advising and Careers page.
|PHYSICS 247 (Physics First Introductory Course)||5||PHYSICS 248 (Physics Second Introductory Course)||5|
|MATH 234||4||MATH 319||3|
|Communication A||3||MATH 340||3|
|Foreign Language (if needed)||4||Ethnic Studies||3|
|PHYSICS 249 (Physics Third Introductory Course)||4||PHYSICS 301||1|
|PHYSICS 311 (Mechanics)||3||PHYSICS 307 (Laboratory)||2|
|MATH 321||3||PHYSICS 322||3|
|Social Science Breadth||3||MATH 322||3|
|INTER-LS 210||1||Biological Science Breadth||3|
|Social Science Breadth||3|
|PHYSICS 321||4||PHYSICS 407 (Laboratory)||2-4|
|PHYSICS 448 (Quantum Physics)||3||PHYSICS 415 (Thermal Physics)||3|
|Communication B||3-4||PHYSICS 449||3|
|Humanities Breadth||3||Humanities Breadth||3|
|Social Science Breadth||3||Social Science Breadth||3|
|Literature Breadth||3||Literature Breadth||3|
|Total Credits 120|
Physics Undergraduate Advisors
Professor Jan Egedal
3275 Chamberlin Hall
Professor Dan McCammon
6207 Chamberlin Hall
Professor Deniz Yavuz
5320 Chamberlin Hall
Physics AMEP Advisors
Professor Cary Forest
3277 Chamberlin Hall
Professor Robert McDermott
5112 Chamberlin Hall
The Department of Physics encourages our majors to begin working on their career exploration and preparation soon after arriving on campus. We partner with SuccessWorks at the College of Letters & Science. L&S graduates are in high demand by employers and graduate programs. It is important to us that our students are career ready at the time of graduation, and we are committed to your success.
There are specific math courses listed as prerequisites for our Physics courses. Depending on your interest in math (some Physics majors also major in Math as well), the courses you select may be different. A typical math sequence is: MATH 221, MATH 222, MATH 234, MATH 319, (or MATH 320 instead of MATH 319 , MATH 340), MATH 321, MATH 322, MATH 340. Please consult with an advisor when choosing your Mathematics courses, particularly before deciding on one of the honors sequences in Math. We do not recommend the honors sequences for physics majors unless you are considering a second major in Math.
MATH 340 Elementary Matrix and Linear Algebra: This course is a bridge between concrete and abstract math. The next step for students interested in more abstract math is MATH 521/MATH 522. MATH 340 is particularly useful for PHYSICS 311 and later for quantum mechanics and we strongly suggest taking it or MATH 320. MATH 320 is a "light" version combining MATH 319 and MATH 340. It is adequate for the rest of our undergraduate physics curriculum, but is not recommended for those planning on continuing to graduate school. There is a special honors section, Math 320!, that thoroughly covers all of the material in MATH 319 and MATH 340. We recommend it as a good way to fit in both topics before you take PHYSICS 311, but it is a more challenging course.
Applied Mathematical Analysis (MATH 321): Techniques for solving problems in the physical sciences, engineering, and applied mathematics, using advanced calculus and analytic function theory. Can be taken before or after MATH 322. It is recommended that MATH 321 be taken before taking PHYSICS 322. MATH 321 is highly recommended for physics majors but requires a significant time commitment.
MATH 322 Applied Mathematical Analysis: Techniques for solving partial differential equations, with an emphasis on practical problems in the physical sciences. Also covers special functions, Fourier Transformations, etc . MATH 321 and MATH 322 are recommended for those planning to continue on to graduate school in Physics.
A college course in chemistry is useful for all physics students, but not required.
Students should become familiar with scientific programming. The most useful languages are Python followed by C or C++. The computer sciences department offers introductory courses. The Division of Information Technology (DoIT) also offers short courses to introduce programming.
L&S career resources
SuccessWorks at the College of Letters & Science helps students leverage the academic skills learned in their major, certificates, and liberal arts degree; explore and try out different career paths; participate in internships; prepare for the job search and/or graduate school applications; and network with professionals in the field (alumni and employers). In short, SuccessWorks helps students in the College of Letters & Science discover themselves, find opportunities, and develop the skills they need for success after graduation.
SuccessWorks can also assist students in career advising, résumé and cover letter writing, networking opportunities, and interview skills, as well as course offerings for undergraduates to begin their career exploration early in their undergraduate career.
Students should set up their profiles in Handshake to take care of everything they need to explore career events, manage their campus interviews, and apply to jobs and internships from 200,000+ employers around the country.
- Set up a career advising appointment
- INTER-LS 210 L&S Career Development: Taking Initiative (1 credit, targeted to first- and second-year students)—for more information, see Inter-LS 210: Career Development, Taking Initiative
- INTER-LS 215 Communicating About Careers (3 credits, fulfills Com B General Education Requirement)
- Learn how we’re transforming career preparation: L&S Career Initiative
Yang Bai, Associate Professor
Baha Balantekin, Eugene P. Wigner Professor
Vernon Barger, Vilas Professor and Van Vleck Professor
Keith Bechtol, Assistant Professor
Uwe Bergmann, Professor
Kevin Black, Professor
Stas Boldyrev, Professor
Tulika Bose, Professor
Victor Brar, Assistant Professor
Duncan Carlsmith, Professor
Daniel Chung, Professor
Susan Coppersmith, Robert E. Fassnacht Professor and Vilas Professor
Sridhara Dasu, Department Chairperson and Professor
Jan Egedal, Professor
Mark Eriksson, Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor
Lisa Everett, Professor
Ke Fang, Assistant Professor
Cary Forest, Prager Professor of Experimental Physics
Pupa Gilbert, Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor
Francis Halzen, Gregory Breit Professor and Hilldale Professor
Kael Hanson, Professor, WIPAC Director
Aki Hashimoto, Professor
Matthew Herndon, Professor
Lev Ioffe, Professor
Robert Joynt, Professor
Albrecht Karle, Professor, IceCube Associate Director, Science and Instrumentation
Shimon Kolkowtiz, Assistant Professor
James Lawler, Arthur and Aurelia Schawlow Professor
Alex Levchenko, Associate Professor
Lu Lu, Assistant Professor
Dan McCammon, Professor
Robert McDermott, Professor
Moritz Cornelius Muenchmeyer, Assistant Professor
Marshall Onellion, Professor
Kimberly Palladino, Assistant Professor
Yibin Pan, Associate Professor
Brian Rebel, Associate Professor
Mark Rzchowski, Associate Chairperson and Professor
Mark Saffman, Professor
John Sarff, Professor
Gary Shiu, Professor
Paul Terry, Professor
Peter Timbie, Professor
Justin Vandenbroucke, Assistant Professor
Maxim Vavilov, Professor
Thad Walker, Professor
Sau Lan Wu, Enrico Fermi Professor and Vilas Professor
Deniz Yavuz, Professor
Ellen Zweibel, William L Kraushaar Professor of Astronomy & Physics
physics Undergraduate Colloquium
There is a weekly series of talks in the spring semester called "Physics Today," at which a topic of local research is described by one of the physics faculty. These are open and may be attended by anyone. They can also be taken as a course, PHYSICS 301 Physics Today. See the Course Guide for location and time.
the physics club
The University Physical Society (UPS)—also known as the Physics Club—is a student organization for people interested in physics and related fields.
What does the Physics Club do?
The Physics Club organizes events such as seminars, tours, trips, and socials for its members. Physics Club volunteers also offer free drop-in tutoring to students in introductory physics and astronomy classes. In addition, we maintain subscriptions to science related magazines such as Scientific American, Astronomy, and Physics Today, which are kept in the club’s room located at 2328 Chamberlin Hall. Every Friday afternoon, we meet with the physics colloquium speaker to learn about the process of becoming a scientist. In addition, UPS sponsors a variety of other events. For example, in the past, we have taken took a field trip to Fermilab, sponsored a racquetball tournament, and have frequently gathered for social events such as ice skating, movie night, and bowling.
Why should you join the Physics Club?
By joining the Physics Club you’ll be meeting many physics majors, who are, in general, really cool people to hang out with. If you are thinking about declaring a physics major, this is the place to come for helpful advice about taking classes and finding an undergraduate job in the physics department. If you join, you can get access to the Physics Club room, 2328 Chamberlin Hall. Joining also adds you to the club email list, so you can be notified about club sponsored events.
Perks of being a Physics Club Member
When you join the Physics Club, you get access to an excellent room, 2328 Chamberlin Hall. This room contains a refrigerator, reference shelves of textbooks, couch, tables, and chairs, a phone, blackboards, and a microwave. We have a several computers in the room. You can get your own key to the room and visit at your leisure, and stay as long as you like. Plus, you get the added bonus of knowing people who are in your classes.
University Physical Society
2328 Chamberlin Hall
Drop by Room 2328 Chamberlin Hall and pick up a membership form. Turn in a completed form with your annual dues to a UPS club officer.
physics learning center
The Physics Learning Center: Striving to help all students succeed in Physics
• Do you enjoy Physics?
• Are you patient?
• Do you like to teach?
• Would you like to help other undergraduate students?
The Physics Learning Center (PLC) has job opportunities for physics undergraduates as Peer Mentor Tutors (PMT). The PLC is looking for PMTs who have a desire to help others learn physics and have an enthusiasm for learning new ways to solve physics problems.
The PLC provides supplemental instruction and a supportive learning environment to students in large challenging introductory physics courses. They include algebra-based Physics 103-104 and calculus-based 207-208 that are requisites for many STEM majors and pre-health professional pathways. The majority of students in these classes are not physics majors.
PMTs lead a learning team twice a week helping students build a conceptual framework to solve a variety of physics problems. The PLC strives to create a supportive learning environment to help students gain skills, increase confidence, and meet potential study partners .
Peer Mentor Tutors receive extensive training in teaching Physics and in general pedagogy. Tutors meet with a PLC staff member each week to discuss strategies for teaching course content, including how to useteaching materials that stress conceptual understanding. In addition, PMTs from all courses meet as a group for a weekly teaching seminar to discuss issues such as group dynamics, techniques for actively involving students in learning, helping students to prepare for exams, raising awareness of diversity in student experiences, resources on campus, etc .
Our Peer Mentor Tutors report that they greatly enjoy working with their students. In the process, they strengthen their own foundation in Physics and presentation skills .They also tell us that teaching Physics helps to review for the Graduate Record Exam and to prepare for post-graduate teaching in middle/high school or as a University teaching assistant .
PMTs are a mix of students majoring in physics, astrophysics, secondary science education, and engineering as well as from other majors. This is a paid position taking about eight hours per week that includes learning team time, content and pedagogy meetings, reviews before exams, and time to prepare for teaching.
To find out more about the PLC Peer Mentor Tutor Program, please contact us. The PLC is located in Chamberlin 2337/2338.
Physics Learning Center
2337/2338 Chamberlin Hall
Contact: Susan Nossal
The Physics Department is very happy to offer a number of awards for undergraduate and graduate students in physics each year. Many of these awards have been made possible through very generous donations by alumni and friends of the Department.
For a list of all the Undergraduate and Graduate Awards please visit www.physics.wisc.edu/awards
Must be enrolled as a full-time student at UW-Madison in both semesters of the Academic Year
Must be a physics major (some awards also include astronomy majors)
Once the call for applications has been sent out, each applicant is to submit the following (in PDF) by the deadline via "Scholarships @ UW" in your student center or here: https://scholarships.wisc.edu/Scholarships/
- Statement of current research/teaching activity and future plans as a physics major (one page)
- Letter of recommendation from a faculty or staff member (one page)
- On-line application system will automatically prompt letter writer to submit letter
- If indicated below, a statement of need (one page)