This minor may be completed only by students admitted to the Middle Childhood through Early Adolescence options of Elementary Education. Students admitted to the Content Focus option are asked to identify the minor of their choice when admitted to the program. Students admitted to the other Middle Childhood through Early Adolescence options should fill out a minor declaration form available in the School of Education Student Services office, Room 139 Education Building.

The biology minor requires a minimum of 24 credits. A minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.75 is required, based on all biology minor coursework taken on the UW–Madison campus. Biocore sequence coursework may also be used to meet these requirements; consult with an advisor in Education Academic Services.

Discipline-related course work is also required, but not calculated into the minor credits or gpa.

Required Discipline-Related Courses

Select a minimum of 6 credits in Mathematics and/or Statistics, college level, excluding MATH 130MATH 132
Select one of the following:5-10
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry II
Advanced General Chemistry
Chemical Principles I
and Chemical Principles II
Select one of the following:8-10
General Physics
and General Physics
General Physics
and General Physics
General Physics
and General Physics


Introductory Biology. Select one of the following options:

Option 1: 1
BIOLOGY/​ZOOLOGY  101 Animal Biology3
BIOLOGY/​ZOOLOGY  102 Animal Biology Laboratory2
BIOLOGY/​BOTANY  130 General Botany5
Option 2:
BIOLOGY/​BOTANY/​ZOOLOGY  151 Introductory Biology5
BIOLOGY/​BOTANY/​ZOOLOGY  152 Introductory Biology5


GENETICS 466 Principles of Genetics3


Complete biology elective coursework from the approved lists to reach a minimum of 24 credits. The courses must be numbered 300 and above and include at least one course from two of the following three areas: (1) Ecology, Evolution, Genetics, (2) Cell and Molecular Biology, and (3) Physiology. Additional courses may, with the  consent of an advisor, be selected to meet the elective requirements.

Area 1: Ecology/Evolution/Genetics

AN SCI 610 Quantitative Genetics3
BOTANY 300 Plant Anatomy 14
BOTANY 305 Plant Morphology and Evolution 14
BOTANY 330 Algae3
BOTANY/​PL PATH  332 Fungi 14
BOTANY 400 Plant Systematics 14
BOTANY 401 Vascular Flora of Wisconsin 14
BOTANY/​F&W ECOL  402 Dendrology 12
BOTANY 403 Field Collections and Identification 11-4
BOTANY 422 Plant Geography3
BOTANY/​F&W ECOL  455 The Vegetation of Wisconsin 14
BOTANY/​F&W ECOL/​ZOOLOGY  460 General Ecology 14
BOTANY 563 Phylogenetic Analysis of Molecular Data3
ZOOLOGY/​ENTOM  302 Introduction to Entomology 14
ZOOLOGY/​ENVIR ST  315 Limnology-Conservation of Aquatic Resources2
ZOOLOGY 316 Laboratory for Limnology-Conservation of Aquatic Resources 12-3
ZOOLOGY/​ENTOM/​M M & I/​PATH-BIO  350 Parasitology3
ZOOLOGY/​ENVIR ST/​F&W ECOL  360 Extinction of Species3
ZOOLOGY/​ANTHRO/​BOTANY  410 Evolutionary Biology3
ZOOLOGY 430 Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates5
ZOOLOGY/​BOTANY/​F&W ECOL  460 General Ecology 14
ZOOLOGY/​ENVIR ST  510 Ecology of Fishes3
ZOOLOGY/​ENVIR ST  511 Ecology of Fishes Lab 12
ZOOLOGY/​AN SCI/​F&W ECOL  520 Ornithology3
ZOOLOGY/​AN SCI/​F&W ECOL  521 Birds of Southern Wisconsin 13
ZOOLOGY 525 Tropical Herpetology1
MICROBIO 607 Advanced Microbial Genetics3
ENTOM 331 Taxonomy of Mature Insects 14
ENTOM 468 Studies in Field Entomology 13
GENETICS/​MD GENET  565 Human Genetics3
GENETICS/​BIOCHEM/​MICROBIO  612 Prokaryotic Molecular Biology3
GENETICS/​BIOCHEM/​MD GENET  620 Eukaryotic Molecular Biology3
HORT/​AGRONOMY  501 Principles of Plant Breeding3
LAND ARC/​ENVIR ST  361 Wetlands Ecology 13
PL PATH 300 Introduction to Plant Pathology 14

Area 2: Cell and Molecular Biology 

MICROBIO 303 Biology of Microorganisms3
MICROBIO 607 Advanced Microbial Genetics3
M M & I/​PATH-BIO  528 Immunology3
BOTANY 563 Phylogenetic Analysis of Molecular Data3
PL PATH/​ONCOLOGY  640 General Virology-Multiplication of Viruses3
GENETICS/​BIOCHEM/​MICROBIO  612 Prokaryotic Molecular Biology3
ZOOLOGY 430 Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates5
ZOOLOGY 570 Cell Biology3

Area 3: Physiology

BOTANY 500 Plant Physiology3-4
ZOOLOGY 611 Comparative and Evolutionary Physiology3
ZOOLOGY 612 Comparative Physiology Laboratory 12
ANAT&PHY 335 Physiology 15