The energy analysis and policy certificate (EAP) provides students with the opportunity to customize their graduate experience, adding energy training to any graduate degree program offered at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Graduate students can complete the EAP certificate by selecting courses that meet both their degree and EAP requirements. As such, most students can add EAP onto a degree without any additional time or cost. Many prospects choose UW–Madison specifically to participate in the EAP program, while others join EAP upon learning about it after matriculation.

Since its formation in 1980, EAP has provided students with the skills and knowledge needed by professionals in government, energy companies, consulting firms, and other organizations. EAP draws students from across campus. Particularly large student groups from public policy, environmental studies, engineering, and urban planning pursue the certificate because of the program's interdisciplinary curriculum which considers a wide range of technical, economic, political, and social factors that shape energy policy formulation and decision-making.

Generally, applicants to EAP should have completed at least one college-level course in each of the following areas: physical science (physics or chemistry); natural science (biological, environmental, geological, or atmospheric and oceanic); economics; an additional course in social sciences or humanities; and calculus or statistics. Occasionally, students lacking some prerequisites are admitted to the program, and the EAP admissions committee recommends courses to make up deficiencies. Each EAP student must complete six courses (18 credits): an introductory course; one course each in energy policy, energy economics/business, energy technology, and environmental studies; and a capstone seminar.

EAP is not available as a stand-alone graduate degree. Master's and doctoral students who complete the requirements receive a certificate in EAP to supplement their graduate degree. Doctoral students may count the program as a distributed minor.