LAW/​ACCT I S  329 — TAXATION: CONCEPTS FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL PLANNING

3 credits.

An introduction to the U.S. income taxation concepts with emphasis on business and personal planning strategies. Taxes are placed in a framework which considers all costs of doing business. Includes approaches and skills needed to prepare individual, corporate, and partnership income tax returns.

LAW 601 — INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN LAW

3 credits.

An introduction to the American common law tradition and to the American legal system, especially for foreign law students and foreign and American graduate students.

LAW 602 — LEGAL SOURCES

3 credits.

Overview of the institutions and entities that create legal documents in the U.S.; how these documents are organized and found in a law library; introduction to common law case analysis.

LAW 603 — LEGAL WRITING (LL.M.-L.I.)

3 credits.

An intensive course in legal analysis and the organization and writing of common legal documents.

LAW/​LEGAL ST/​SOC  641 — SOCIOLOGY OF LAW

3-4 credits.

Theory and research on the social origins, processes and effects of law; examination of law-related behavior, legal institutions, law and social structure, and law and social change; linkage to contemporary theoretical and political debates.

LAW 711 — CONTRACTS I

3-4 credits.

Creation of promissory liability; interpretation of words and conduct; exchange, reliance or formality as necessary for creation of promissory liability; remedies for breach of contract; unfairness as a reason for avoiding contractual liability.

LAW 713 — LEGAL PROCESS

3-4 credits.

Function, sources, and development of law, focusing upon the administrative, legislative, and judicial processes and their interrelations; law-making institutions in action as they are called upon to handle social problems.

LAW 714 — CIVIL PROCEDURE I

4 credits.

Development of the modern civil action including pleading, discovery, and the pretrial conference; the trial; motions after verdict and judgment; appeals; state and federal procedures.

LAW 715 — TORTS I

3-5 credits.

A tort is roughly defined as a civil wrong, independent of contract: liability for physical and emotional harms inflicted by intentional misconduct or negligence, or without fault, and development of concepts and techniques in analyzing and solving tort problems.

LAW 721 — CONTRACTS II

2-4 credits.

Nature of the obligations assumed by entering a contract; the power of parties to control this obligation; rights of those not a party to a contract.

LAW 723 — LEGAL RESEARCH AND WRITING

3 credits.

Legal research and legal bibliography, techniques of writing, organizing legal material, analyzing facts, and determining and predicting rules of law; library and computerized research; memoranda and brief writing; oral argument in moot court; small group critiques.

LAW 724 — PROPERTY

4-5 credits.

Foundation for advanced courses. Personal property and real property (land law); concepts of ownership and transfer of chattels (personal property), such as bailments, liens, pledges and gifts; historical introduction to law of real property precedes detailed study of nature of various ownership interests in land, called estates; landlord-tenant law; some preliminary treatment of land transfer (conveyancing).

LAW 725 — INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

3 credits.

Various aspects of criminal procedure and criminal justice administration. Constitutional limitations upon criminal justice practices.

LAW 726 — INTRODUCTION TO SUBSTANTIVE CRIMINAL LAW

3-4 credits.

Problems in defining what conduct should be subject to criminal penalties; the limitations of criminal law as a means for prevention and control of undesirable conduct.

LAW 730 — FEDERAL LAW AND INDIAN TRIBES

2-3 credits.

The study of the relationships between Federal, state, and tribal governments, the source and scope of their respective sovereignties, and time.

LAW 731 — CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I

3-4 credits.

Powers of government, state and federal, under the Constitution of the United States; relations between federal and state authority (e.g., taxation and regulation of interstate commerce); relations between branches of the federal government; limitations on governmental authority by virtue of a distribution of power.

LAW 732 — REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS I

3-4 credits.

Basic legal elements of real estate transfer and finance; options, binder contracts, requirements as to writing, rights and duties between vendor and vendee, basic land contract and mortgage law and remedies, and the real estate recording system.

LAW 733 — TRUSTS AND ESTATES

3-4 credits.

Basic probate and nonprobate devices for management and transmission of property in the family context. Includes consideration of Wisconsin's marital (community) property system, federal gift and estate tax issues, and nonproperty considerations in estate planning.

LAW 735 — PAYMENTS SYSTEMS

3 credits.

Articles 3, 4, and 5 of the Uniform Commercial Code: negotiable instruments, bank collection systems, and letters of credit.

LAW 736 — SECURED TRANSACTIONS

3 credits.

Focuses on Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code, Secured Transactions; with some additional emphasis on Article 6, Bulk Sales; and Article 7, Documents of Title.

LAW 739 — RELIGION AND THE CONSTITUTION

2-3 credits.

This course covers the Free Exercise Clause and the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

LAW 740 — CONSTITUTIONAL LAW II

2-4 credits.

Rights of citizens against state and federal governments; the nature of due process and the equal protection of the law; the protection of freedom from invidious discrimination; the Civil Rights Acts; freedoms of expression, association, and religion.

LAW 741 — BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS II: PUBLICLY HELD CORPORATIONS

3-4 credits.

Law of business corporations; problems of control, management, and procurement and maintenance of capital; an introduction to securities regulation.

LAW 742 — TAXATION I

3-5 credits.

Federal income taxation; basic rules, theory and policy.

LAW 743 — NEGOTIATIONS

2-4 credits.

Examines a range of processes encountered by lawyers, including negotiation of, inter alia, injury claims, criminal charges, family disputes, and commercial disputes, as well as participation of their parties (mediators, judges).

LAW 744 — ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

3 credits.

Role of the administrative process in society; emphasizes common powers and procedures; relationships among the legislative, judicial, executive and administrative agencies in the development of public policy.

LAW 745 — LABOR RELATIONS LAW

3 credits.

Regulation of organization and representation of employees; collective bargaining, and employer and union practices; proceedings under the National Labor Relations Act and related federal statutes and analogous state acts.

LAW 746 — LEGISLATION

3 credits.

Use of statutes and legislative materials in litigation and decision; problems of the lawyer in the interpretation of statutes, in representation of the client before legislative bodies, and in the presentation and argument of statutory authorities to a court.

LAW 747 — PROTECTIVE LABOR LEGISLATION

3 credits.

Legal protection of individual workers against discrimination, physical damage, economic exploitation and insecurity through Fair Employment Practices, Workmen's Compensation, Fair Labor Standards, Unemployment Compensation, Social Security and similar legislation.

LAW 748 — ANTITRUST

3-4 credits.

Law relating to trade regulation and competitive practices; anti-trust and comparable laws dealing with monopoly, restraint of trade, and unfair methods of competition.

LAW 749 — TRADEMARKS

2-3 credits.

Practical introduction to a neglected but socially and economically important field. Interaction of a developing common and federal law with the behavior and interests of businesspersons and consumers.

LAW 751 — PATENT LAW

2-4 credits.

Survey of the law of industrial property, including the law of patents and trade secrets.

LAW 752 — COPYRIGHT LAW

2-4 credits.

Survey of state and federal laws affecting literary, musical, and artistic property.

LAW 753 — INTRODUCTION TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW

3-4 credits.

Survey of the laws of patents, copyrights, trade secrets, trademarks. Discussion of relationship of these laws to the laws of property, trade regulation, and privacy. Exploration of competing or complementary policy rationales for each intellectual property area.

LAW 760 — ROLE OF THE POLICE IN A FREE SOCIETY

3 credits.

Major problems especially in large urban areas. Specific aspects of the police function, such as their role in responding to serious deviant conduct, to self-destructive behaviour, to community conflict, and to the need for protecting constitutional rights and democratic processes. Problems that arise in defining police authority, in reviewing and controlling police discretion, and in seeking to achieve accountability of the police to the citizenry.

LAW 765 — EQUAL EMPLOYMENT LAW

3-4 credits.

The growth, development, and implementation of equal employment opportunity law.

LAW/​MED SC-M/​NURSING  768 — CONSUMER HEALTH ADVOCACY AND PATIENT-CENTERED CARE CLINICAL

1-7 credits.

Interdisciplinary health advocacy clinical supervised by diverse professional staff. Provide broad advocacy to patients with life-threatening and serious chronic illnesses. Advocacy topics include: medical decision-making, insurance, medical debt, disability issues. Weekly discussions of patient cases and related guest lectures.

LAW/​MED SC-M/​NURSING  769 — CONSUMER ISSUES IN HEALTH CARE

1-3 credits.

Explores consumer issues in health care delivery in interdisciplinary discussion-based format. Covers current delivery system, expenditures/finance, managed care/insurance, barriers to access, reform, and other select topics. Ideal for future healthcare providers and others interested in patients' experiences.

LAW 771 — SELECTED TOPICS IN ESTATE PLANNING

1-3 credits.

Intermediate and advanced topics in estate planning; topics reflect interests of available faculty and students.

LAW 772 — THE USE OF TRUSTS IN ESTATE PLANNING

2-3 credits.

Survey of common uses of trusts in estate planning, with a focus on drafting of appropriate provisions to accomplish estate planning objectives.

LAW 773 — LAW AND THE ELDERLY

2-3 credits.

This course addresses the issues faced by elderly clients and their families and caregivers in the context of legal, medical, social and regulatory concerns.

LAW 801 — EVIDENCE

4 credits.

Concepts of relevancy and policy in admission of evidence; hearsay, opinions, and other exclusionary rules; examination of witnesses, judicial notice, and procedural considerations.

LAW 802 — CIVIL PROCEDURE II

3-4 credits.

Jurisdiction of courts, state and federal; joinder of claims and parties in civil action, and effect of judgments.

LAW 808 — ADVANCED LEGAL WRITING

2-3 credits.

Preparation of legal documents in connection with a real or simulated legal problem. Emphasis on legal problems involving writing experiences different from those gained in Legal Writing I.

LAW 811 — ACCOUNTING AND LAW

3 credits.

Principles of accounting for lawyers. Election in the second year preferable, prior to Corporation Law and Taxation. Students with college accounting take the course for credit only with cons inst.

LAW 814 — APPELLATE ADVOCACY I

2-3 credits.

Lectures and discussions in basics of brief writing and oral advocacy.

LAW 815 — APPELLATE ADVOCACY II

1-3 credits.

Students participate in moot court tournaments in which, as representatives of the Law School, they engage in regional and national brief-writing and oral-advocacy competitions against students of other law schools.

LAW 817 — BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS I

3-4 credits.

Law of employment, agency, partnership, limited partnership, and other types of unincorporated associations.

LAW 818 — COMPARATIVE LAW

2-3 credits.

Civil law system, including its Roman Law antecedents, codification movement, and responses to selected current issues. Focus usually on the law of a single polity to encourage the viewing of law in its societal setting.

LAW 820 — CONFLICT OF LAWS

3-4 credits.

Rules applied by courts in recognizing and enforcing rights involving elements which occurred in a sister state or foreign country.

LAW 821 — BANKRUPTCY LAW

2-4 credits.

Consumer credit regulation, enforcement of judgments, attachments, garnishments, fraudulent conveyances, assignments for the benefit of creditors, and bankruptcy.

LAW/​SOC WORK  822 — FAMILY LAW: MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE

2-4 credits.

Marriage and less formal spousal relationships, husband-wife relationships in on-going marriage; divorce and its economic and custody consequences; post-divorce relationships.

LAW/​SOC WORK  823 — FAMILY LAW: PARENT AND CHILD

3-4 credits.

The relationship of parent and child; the rights of unmarried mothers and fathers and their children; parental rights to custody vis a vis third parties; parents' rights to make decisions affecting children; neglect; termination of parental rights; the foster care system and adoption.

LAW 824 — FEDERAL JURISDICTION

3 credits.

Legal problems that arise because our court system derives from both nation and states as separate sources of authority and is administered by federal and state judiciaries; jurisdiction of the federal courts (including questions of venue, process and litigating capacity, jurisdictional amount, and removal jurisdiction); relation of these courts to state courts; relationship of federal and state law, both as guides to judicial decision and in everyday affairs.

LAW 825 — INSURANCE LAW

3-4 credits.

Substantive law of property, life and liability insurance, including study of the fire and automobile forms; regulation of insurance companies, policies and practices. Rights and obligations of compensated sureties sometimes covered.

LAW 827 — INTERNATIONAL LAW

2-3 credits.

Problems in private and governmental practice affected by international relations; the law applicable to questions of recognition and non-recognition of governments and nations; interpretation of treaties and other international agreements; jurisdiction of nations; effect of peace and war; formation, operation and function of various international agreements, and matters of international claims.

LAW 828 — INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS

2-3 credits.

Problems inherent in international commercial transactions; risks, benefits, and assumptions underlying business with or in a foreign country; international commercial transactions, investments and claims.

LAW 829 — JURISPRUDENCE

2-3 credits.

Philosophies of law; surveys of analytical, sociological and ethical approaches to law and legal systems.

LAW/​URB R PL  830 — LAND USE CONTROLS

3 credits.

Limitations imposed upon the use of privately owned land by the court-made law of nuisance, by private covenant, and by public action; master plan, official map, subdivision regulation, zoning, and urban redevelopment.

LAW 837 — REGULATED INDUSTRIES

2-3 credits.

Various aspects of regulation--control over price, supply and services--of different industries; public utilities and the transportation industries; interaction between the legislature, administrative agencies, and courts in development of regulatory policy.

LAW 838 — REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS II

2-3 credits.

Law of real estate finance, planning, and development, including tax and organizational aspects.

LAW 839 — REMEDIES

2-3 credits.

Remedies of quasi-contract, constructive trust, equitable lien, reformation, etc., to redress enrichment obtained by tort, part performance of contract, duress, or mistake, or under other circumstances making its retention without such redress unfair.

LAW 840 — TAXATION II

2-4 credits.

Advanced problems in federal income taxation; difficult, complex problems peculiar to corporations and shareholders--generally, the tax consequences of corporate organization, reorganization, and liquidation, of various kinds of distributions to shareholds, etc.; scope sufficiently narrow to permit thorough and rigorous study of relevant tax concepts and materials.

LAW 843 — UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES

3 credits.

Laws concerning methods of competition in business, with reference to the responsibilities of administrative agencies; trademarks, unfair competition, price maintenance, price discrimination.

LAW 844 — TAXATION OF TRUSTS AND ESTATES

2-4 credits.

Federal estate and gift taxes, including the determination of the gross estate, life insurance, joint ownerships, powers of appointment, charitable and marital deductions, gifts to minors, income tax problems, simple and complex trusts, grantor trusts, income and deductions in respect of a decedent, problems of basis, throwback rules.

LAW 845 — WATER RIGHTS LAW

2-3 credits.

Acquisition and nature of private rights in water comparing the riparian and appropriation legal systems; public rights as limitations on private rights, the firming up of rights by grant, contract, compulsory purchase and prescription and the administrative systems for water quality management.

LAW 848 — INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

3 credits.

Policy, administration and adjudication related to the environmental complex of population, environmental quality and resource development. Common-law doctrine applied and statutory measures adopted by Wisconsin and by the federal government to protect the public interest in resource preservation and management.

LAW 849 — PRE-TRIAL ADVOCACY

3 credits.

This course teaches students about the lawyering skills on which litigators spend the vast majority of their time; i.e. skills pertinent to the pre-trial phase of a lawsuit. It uses simulation exercises and extensive feedback from experienced practitioners.

LAW 850 — PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES

1-3 credits.

The ethical and professional responsibility of practicing lawyers.

LAW 852 — TRIAL ADVOCACY

2-4 credits.

Techniques involved in the examination of witnesses, including the lawyer's preparation, the preparation conference with the witness, direct examination, cross examination, objections, and the introduction of exhibits. Teaching methods include demonstrations by trial lawyers and practice sessions by the students under the supervision of trial lawyers.

LAW 854 — CLINICAL PROGRAM

1-7 credits.

See description under Special Programs in chapter on Law Curriculum.

LAW 858 — COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: THE ARBITRATION PROCESS

3 credits.

Legal and economic aspects of current issues in collective bargaining.

LAW 860 — ADVANCED CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

2-3 credits.

Various important procedural problems arising in federal and state criminal proceedings.

LAW 862 — LEGAL ASSISTANCE TO INSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS

1-7 credits.

A 'law-in-action' course. Student gains an understanding of institutional programs for convicted criminal offenders and confined mental health patients; interviews newly admitted inmates or mental patients. These interviews determine whether there are aspects of each person's conviction or commitment, his or her current institutional treatment, or relationship with the outside world, which need the assistance of a legally trained person. An opportunity to develop interviewing, analytical, writing, and problem-solving abilities.

LAW 863 — LITIGATION IN CRIMINAL CASES

3-4 credits.

An analysis, through lecture and oral argument, of several of the major pre-trial and trial subconstitutional issues of criminal litigation as well as several issues of constitutional dimension not covered in the conventional criminal law courses.

LAW 867 — TAXATION III

2-4 credits.

Survey of advanced issues in the federal income taxation of business and investment entities. Emphasizes problems encountered in common business and investment transactions, and explores practical and ethical solutions to such problems.

LAW 868 — STATE AND LOCAL TAXATION

2-4 credits.

Survey of state and local tax law, principally income taxes, sales and use taxes, and property taxes. Explores the typical statutory structures under which these taxes are imposed. Significant emphasis will be given to policy issues faced by state and local governmental bodies.

LAW 870 — INTERNATIONAL TAX

3 credits.

International taxation concepts and issues including jurisdiction rules, tax avoidance and evasion, fiscal relations between industrialized countries and less developed countries; host country taxation of foreign persons and home country taxation of foreign income.

LAW 871 — INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW

3 credits.

Legal institutions affecting international transactions with a focus on U.S. laws and the principal treaties involved. Topics include the international impact of U.S. securities, antitrust and intellectual property laws, various trade laws of the U.S. and other countries, and the effects of treaties.

LAW 872 — LEGAL ISSUES INVOLVING NORTH AMERICA AND EAST ASIA

2 credits.

Public and private laws affecting international trade and investment flows between North America and East Asia as well as other issues that affect relations between the countries.

LAW 873 — IMMIGRATION LAW

3 credits.

Survey of the immigration law of the United States.

LAW 880 — CLIENT COUNSELLING

1-3 credits.

Client interviewing, analysis of problems as presented by clients, techniques for client counseling and related law office practices. Students practice counseling of clients in hypothetical cases under the supervision of experienced practitioners. From the students taking the course, a team or teams may be selected for the national Client Counseling Competition.

LAW 895 — WISCONSIN INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL

1-3 credits.

WILJ is a student published law journal dealing with legal issues having significant international aspects. Each volume is comprised of student case notes and comments as well as articles by legal scholars and practitioners.

LAW 896 — WISCONSIN JOURNAL OF LAW, GENDER, AND SOCIETY

1-3 credits.

A student-published journal devoted to the intersection of law and gender with issues of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and sexual orientation. The journal, established in 1985, is one of the oldest journals in the country focusing exclusively on gender and the law. Student work on the journal may include writing a piece for publication, reviewing submissions from professional authors, or editing student and professional articles..

LAW 899 — LAW REVIEW

1-3 credits.

LAW 902 — JUVENILE JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION

2-3 credits.

Formal structure and operational characteristics; objectives of the system, its problems with due process, and the roles of the police, lawyers and social workers.

LAW 904 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW SEMINAR

2-4 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 905 — BIOETHICS AND THE LAW

2-4 credits.

Introduction to the legal, ethical and public policy dimensions of modern medicine and biomedical research. Informed consent, human experimentation, death and dying, organ transplantation, allocation of scarce resources. May cover reproductive and genetic issues in some years.

LAW 906 — LAW, SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY SEMINAR

2-4 credits.

Legal, ethical, social and public policy questions raised by modern scientific and technological developments, with a particular focus on biotechnology.

LAW 907 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Perspectives on the ethics of professional life, beyond the requirements of professional codes and rules. Topics and approach reflect interests of instructor and students. May be open to non-law students with permission of instructor.

LAW 911 — SEMINAR-PSYCHIATRY AND LAW

2-3 credits.

Operational processes in the compulsory commitment and release of the mentally ill; interrelationships between the law and psychiatry in decision making.

LAW 914 — SECURITIES REGULATION

3 credits.

Problems under the Securities and Exchange Act and other federal and state regulatory measures; operation of the S.E.C.

LAW 915 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 918 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 919 — THE HOLOCAUST: FACTS, TRIALS, VERDICTS, POST-VERDICTS

2 credits.

The background to the Holocaust, its implementation, the efforts to impose the criminal law on its perpetrators and the points of interaction between the Holocaust and U.S. policy.

LAW 922 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN JURISPRUDENCE-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 926 — SELECTED PROBLEMS OF TORT LAW-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Contents and format determined by instructor.

LAW 928 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN LAND LAW-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 932 — SELECTED PROBLEMS OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of the instructor and students.

LAW 935 — HEALTH LAW AND ADMINISTRATION SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

The distribution of health services among income groups; financing of health care; standards of quality; and health policy planning.

LAW 936 — TORTS II

2-3 credits.

Advanced torts, involving the interests in family, social, professional, trade and political relations, and individual dignity (defamation, disparagement, invasion of privacy by private persons and the state); protection of these interests by the law of torts and alternative means; constitutional dimensions of the problem.

LAW 939 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN FAMILY LAW-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 940 — LAW AND CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS

2-3 credits.

Relationship of law to current public issues. Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 942 — EUROPEAN UNION LAW

2-3 credits.

Introduction to European Union law, including the relationship between EU and Member State law, EU institutions, the law of the common market (i.e., free movement of goods, persons, services and capital) and environmental law and social policy.

LAW 943 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN LEGISLATION-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Current issues in the drafting and enactment of legislation and in the use of legislation in litigation. Selection of issues reflects the interests of instructor and students.

LAW 944 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN MODERN AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Particular topics, with emphasis on the relation of law to main currents of political, social, and economic thought in the United States.

LAW 945 — LAW AND CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Practice of criminal corrections and the law governing it; probation, parole, rehabilitative efforts, prison administration, and legal and administrative procedures for testing the propriety of restrictions.

LAW 949 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN CIVIL PROCEDURE-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 950 — LAWYERING SKILLS COURSE

10 credits.

Training in skills used when applying the law in general practice. Taught by teaching teams of practicing lawyers, under the supervision of a faculty member, with at least one lawyer for each 20 students. Offered 3 1/2 hours a day during 10 weeks of the semester, with no classes in this course during the balance of the semester. Focuses on the skills of interviewing, drafting, negotiations, and using time efficiently; in the context of criminal defense, probate, debtor-creditor, corporations, preparation for civil trial, divorce, real estate, administrative proceedings, and law office operation. Each student handles approximately 35 hypothetical legal matters that are likely to be the work of a new lawyer in general practice.

LAW 953 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATION-SEMINAR

1-3 credits.

In business planning and business organizations including proprietorships, partnerships, corporations and trusts.

LAW 954 — CORPORATE FINANCE LAW

3 credits.

This course presents the basics of finance for business lawyers, and the law and legal strategy surrounding the creation of debt instruments.

LAW 955 — PUBLIC SECTOR LABOR RELATIONS LAW SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Legal and public policy issues relating to public sector unionism in a multiplicity of jurisdictions, including representation questions, scope of bargaining, limitations on the right to strike, impasse procedures, and grievance arbitration.

LAW 957 — INTRODUCTION TO ESTATE PLANNING

2-3 credits.

Issues related to estate planning; including function of the lawyer, ethical issues, estates not subject to tax, basic elements of tax-oriented planning, living trusts, health care issues, gift strategies.

LAW/​ECON  961 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN TRADE REGULATION-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 977 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN POLICING SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Topics reflect interests of instructor and students.

LAW 980 — AFRICAN LAW

2-3 credits.

Development of the legal systems of English speaking Africa, under the colonial regimes and since independence. Offered as part of the African Studies Program.

LAW 981 — LAW AND MODERNIZATION IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

Law as a system of social engineering in the economic and social modernization of developing countries. Problems of developing rules with a high probability of inducing behavior likely to lead to modernization.

LAW 982 — LATIN AMERICAN LEGAL INSTITUTIONS

2-3 credits.

Development and function of legal institutions in Latin America, particularly in their relationship to social and economic conditions. Historical and institutional antecedents of the legal systems in Latin America; the manner in which legal institutions have responded to various economic and social problems.

LAW 988 — SELECTED PROBLEMS IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW-SEMINAR

2-3 credits.

LAW 989 — ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND PRACTICE

3 credits.

Presents environmental statutes, cases, and regulations, and discusses their implementation. The focus of the course will be both law and practice. It will provide a survey of substantive environmental law and their application in permitting, commercial transactions and enforcement. LAW 848 recommended

LAW 990 — DIRECTED RESEARCH

1-12 credits.

With consent of faculty supervising the research; scope and subject arranged between student and faculty.

LAW 991 — DIRECTED READING

1-3 credits.

Independent readings from a list prepared by instructor. Subject matter determined by agreement between instructor and student. No student may count more than 8 credits of Directed Reading towards satisfaction of the requirements of the J.D. degree.